Vulnerable witness

Witnesses are categorised as ‘vulnerable’ if they are likely to suffer significant risk of harm as a result of giving evidence. This includes victims of sexual assault, domestic abuse, trafficking and stalking, and those under the age of 18. Vulnerable witnesses may be entitled to special measures when they give evidence in court. The Vulnerable Witnesses (Criminal Evidence) (Scotland) Act 2019 builds on the earlier Victims and Witnesses (Scotland) Act 2014 which introduced new rights for vulnerable witnesses to help them give their best evidence.

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